Native Plants: Perennials
Baneberry (actaea alba)
Part shade, woodland, 2-3'
Feathery foliage, clumping, zone 4-9

Giant Solomon seal (polygonatum biflorum)
Part shade, moist, well-drained soil, woodland, 18”-7'
White flowers in late spring, slow growing, clumping, zone 4-9
Barren strawberry (walsteinia fragaroides)
Full sun, vigorous mat-forming rhizomatous groundcover, 4-10"
Yellow spring flowers, zone 3-6
Golden ragwort (packera aurea)
Part to full shade, wet woodlands, meadows, swamps, 12-18"
Yellow flowers in early spring, easy spreaders, zone 5-8
Bird's foot violet (viola pedata)
Part shade, late spring, 2-6"
Spreading, with small lavender flowers (also in "Alba" form), zone 4-6
Joe Pye weed (eupatorium purpureum)
Full sun to part shade, moist soil, 3-6'
Pink/lavender flower clusters mid-summer through fall, zone 4-10
Blue Cardinal Flower (lobelia syphilitica)
Part shade, moist soil, 2-4'
Spikes of late summer blue flowers, zone 4-9
Little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium, syn. Andropogon scoparius)
Full sun, dry to average soil, highly ornamental grass, 3’
Reddish-gold in fall, fluffy white seed clusters
Color and form persist all winter, zone 4-9
Blue false indigo (baptisia australis)
Full sun, drought tolerant, 3-5'
Dark blue flowers in early summer followed by black seedpods (great for arrangements)
Clumping, difficult to move once established, zone 4-10
Marsh marigold (Caltha palustris)
Full sun to part-shade, moist soil, 1'
Kidney-shaped leaves, waxy golden flowers in late spring
Will thrive at the edge of a stream or bog, zone 4-6
Bluestar (amsonia tabernaemontana)
Part shade, well-drained soil, 1-3"
Lovely, blue star-shaped flower clusters, clumping.
Yellow leaves in fall, zone 4-9
New England aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae,
... syn. Aster novae-angliae)
Full sun to part shade, average to wet soil, 3-5’
Purple, daisy-like flowers in fall, zone 4-9
Butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa)
Full sun, well-drained soil, drought tolerant, 2-3'
Host plant for Monarch butterflies, nectar source for many
other butterfly species.
Deep rooted, clumping. Difficult to move once established, zone 4-10
Partridgeberry (Mitchella repens)
Part to full shade, average to moist soil, 2”
Shade-loving groundcover, one of the best for deep shade
Early summer white flowers, red fall/winter fruit, zone 3-9
Cardinal flower (lobelia cardinalis)
Full sun to part shade, moist soil, 2-4'
Bright red summer flowers loved by hummingbirds and butterflies, zone 4-9
Phlox (phlox) (Greek for “flame") zone 2-8
Numerous natives include:
Wild blue phlox (divaricata) - part to full shade, early spring,
... lovely blue bloom, 10-12"
Moss phlox (subulata) - sun, early spring, bright colored variations, matting, 2-6"
Creeping phlox (stolonifera) - part shade, early spring, spreads into a mat with lavender flowers, 6-8"
(maculata, carolina, paniculata) - all summer bloomers, many colors, best in sun, 2-3'
Christmas fern (Polystichum acrostichoides)
Part to full shade, average to moist soil, drought tolerant,12-24”
Classic woodland fern, zone 3-9
Shooting star (dodecatheon)
Part shade, consistently moist soil
Magenta pink flowers bloom on 1 1/2' stalk mid-late spring, zone 5-8
Cinnamon fern (Osmunda cinnamomea)
Part to full shade, moist soil, Connecticut’s largest fern, 3-5’
Cinnamon colored fronds, zone 4-8
Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum)
Full sun, dry to average soil, clump-forming grass, 3-6’
Open, lacy sprays Aug-Oct with purple stigmas at flowering time
Seeds eaten by birds, provides cover and nesting material.
Pale yellow in fall, color can last through winter, zone 4-9
Dutchman's breeches (dicentra cucullaria)
Part shade, well-drained soil, 8-12"
White flowers in early spring (bleeding heart family), zone 4-9
Tall Meadow Rue (thalictrum polygonum)
Moist soil, part shade, 3-4'
Pale lavender/pink flowers, ferny foliage, summer bloom, zone 4-9
Evening primrose (Oenothera macrocarpa)
Full sun to part shade, well-drained soil, 6-8"
Bright yellow flowers, zone 4-9
Threadleaf coreopsis (Coreopsis verticillata)
Full sun, well-drained soil, 1-2'
Pale yellow flowers, blooms early summer through fall, zone 4-10
False aster (Boltonia asteroides)
Full sun, average to moist, soil, 4-6'
Pink, lavender flowers, yellow centers ("Snowbank” is the white cultivar)
Attractive to bees, butterflies & birds, zone 4-10
White wood aster (Eurybia divaricata, syn. Aster divaricatus)
Part to full shade, dry to average soil, 18-24” flower stalks
Good groundcover, long-lasting white flowers
Can be planted under shallow-rooted trees, zone 4-8
False sunflower or ox-eye sunflower (heliopsis helianthoides)
Full sun, average soil, 3-6'
Showy, 3-inch wide orange/yellow flowers
Vigorous grower, good cut flower, divide every 2-3 yrs, zone 4-9
Wild Columbine (Aquilegia Canadensis)
Part shade, well-drained soil, 1-3'
Red and yellow flowers mid spring, zone 3-8
Foam flower (tiarella cordifolia or wherryi)
Part to full shade, moist woodland soil, 6-10”
Spikes of white fluffy flowers in late spring, zone 3-8
Wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)
Moist soil, preferably acidic, 1-2’
Lavender flowers April-June, easy to grow, zone 4-8

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